[Medicine name]: Aster[Pinyin]: ZIWAN[English name]: Tatar purple ster[Source]: It is the dicotyledonous plant Asteraceae plant Aster root and rhizome.
[Efficacy]: warms the lungs, lowers the qi, eliminates phlegm, relieves cough[indications]: cures wind, cold, cough, asthma, exhaustion, cough, pus and blood, throat paralysis, and unfavorable urination.
[Sexual flavor return classics]: bitter, warm.
① “The Book”: “bitter, warm.
“②” Do not record “:” Xin, non-toxic.
“③” On the nature of medicine “:” bitter, flat.
“④ Materia Medica” “Xin Gan, lukewarm.
“Into the lung meridian.
① “Lei Gong Cannon Pharmaceutical Sexual Solution”: “Into the heart, the second meridian of the lung.
“②” Ben Cao Jing Shu “:” Starting with Tai Yin, and with Foot Yangming.
[Usage and dosage]: Oral decoction, 0.
5-3 money; or into pills, scattered.
[Medication should be avoided]: Those who have real heat should avoid taking it.
① Annotations on Compendium of Materia Medica: “Tussilago farfara.
Evil Tianxiong, Qu Mai, Lei Wan, Polygala.
“②” Tang Bencao “:” Evil copy.
“③” Materia Medica “:” Training the lungs and kidneys, water deficiency and dryness, cough, asthma and bleeding.
“[Alias]: Qing Ye (” Wu Pu Materia Medica “), purple?
(“Bielu”), return to the grass roots, night morning glory (“Doumen Fang”), purple cilantro (“Compendium of Materia Medica”)[prescription name]: Zizhi, Ziyuan, Aster, Aster, Aster, Northern AsterAster, honey aster, mustard aster, honey mustard aster and other prescriptions write aster, aster, Ziyuan, Ziyuan all refer to raw aster.
Remove impurities for the original medicinal materials, and cut into the medicine.
In favor of scattered cold expectorants.
Honey Aster, also known as Aster, Aster.
To clean the purple aster section, mix well with honey, slightly stuffy, fry with gentle heat until it is not sticky and take it out.
Prefer lung moistening and expectorant.
[Brand name]: 亳 Aster: Produced in Yixian County, Anhui Province.
A large head and thick roots are preferred.
Qi Ziyu: Produced in Anguo (formerly Qizhou) of Hebei Province.
Those with thick roots and no sand are preferred.
Fragile Aster: After digging out the underground rhizomes, wash the soil, remove the residual stems of the reed heads, and then dry the fibrous roots and dry them.
Aster: The dried rhizome of Aster.
Because it is a round steamed bun, it is called a purple steamed bun.
Aster: Also known as Soft Aster.
For those with fine roots on the head.
Its head is clustered with many fine roots, which are soft and fluffy, and are not easy to break, so it is named.
Northern Aster: refers to those produced in northern provinces such as nitric acid Hebei.
The rhizomes are thick, dry, purple, and soft. It is better to remove soil and stems and leaves.
[Animal and plant resource distribution]: Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei and other places.It is cultivated in Hebei, Anhui and other places.
[Harvest and storage of medicinal materials]: In spring and autumn, excavate slightly, remove the leaves and soil, and dry it, or weave the fibrous roots into small and weak dried.
[Latin name]: Purple A original plant purple ster.
[Processing method]: Aster: Pick out impurities, remove residual stems, wash, moisten, cut into small pieces and dry.
Honey Tilia: Take the Tilia section and add smelted honey (and a moderate amount of boiling water), mix slightly, stuffy, and fry with gentle heat until it is not sticky.
(100 pounds per purple tincture, 25 pounds of smelt honey)[Research]: From the “Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic”; ① Tao Hongjing: “Zi Zhi, there are students everywhere.
On the ground, the flowers are also purple, with white hairs and very thin roots.
“②” Rihuazi Materia Medica “:” Aster, looks like a heavy platform, with roots as knots, purple is soft and soft.
“③” Outline Group “:” Aster, the leaves of the seedlings are distributed in March, and the leaves are connected in threes and fours. In May and June, yellow, purple and white flowers bloom, with sunspots, which have white hairs and soft roots. February MarchTake root and dry.
“④ Materia Medica Yanyi”: “The roots of Aster are soft, purple and beneficial to the lungs,” Jing said.
“Tang Ben Note” when there is no purple cricket, also use Baiji, Baiji is also son-in-law.
The Materia Medica has no name, and it was deleted when Tang Tang Xiu’s Materia Medica.
“⑤” Outline “:” According to Chen Ziyun, Zizhi came out of the prison, and the roots are as good as northern asarum.
Both Yi and Dong can be found.
[Identification of raw medicinal materials]: The dried rhizome has a round hoe shape, about 2-6 cm in length and about 1.
5-3 cm, with stalk and petiole residues at the top, often with a cleaned female root at the bottom, about 3 mm in diameter, grayish yellow, fibrous, and slightly hard; many fine roots cluster under the hoe.It is about 5-14 cm long and is usually knitted into weak shapes. The surface is purplish red or gray-red with longitudinal wrinkles.
The texture is flexible, not easy to break, and the section is gray-white with purple fringing.
Slightly scented, sweet and slightly bitter.
Roots are long, purple, and flexible.
Mainly produced in Hebei, Anhui and other places.
In addition to the above one, the Aster is known as Willd.
The roots are used as medicine (see “Altai Aster”); in Tibet, Aster souliei Franch.
And Aster diplostephioides (DC.
Clarke’s roots and rhizomes are used as medicine.
In Northeast China, North China, Shaanxi, Yunnan, Sichuan, Xinjiang and other places, the roots of a variety of plants of the genus Ligulariaceae are also used as medicine.
Its quality is hard and easy to break, and it is fragrant and slightly spicy.
The original plant is mainly Ligularia fischeri (Ledeb.
(See “Gourd Seven”), Siberian Ligularia L.
Cass, Ligularia L.
Intermediate Nakai, Sichuan Wuwu L.hodgsoni hook
) Henry (see “Pumpkin Seven”), Ligularia L.
Big flower (Ledeb.
Ligularia lobata L.
Przewalskii (Motto) Diels et al.
Microscopic identification: root cross section: old root epidermis has often been replaced.
The cortex is broad; there are 1 row of hypodermal cells with slightly thick walls and some with purple-red pigment; few thick-walled cells are scattered, with a wall thickness of 3-8 μm; 5 tubing are distributed outside the polysaccharide layer, often the same number as the phloemAnd opposite; the Kelvin point of the naphthalene layer cells is visible.
The central pillar is small and slightly pentagonal; the central pillar sheath has 1-2 columns of cells; the phloem cells are small and closely separated; the formation layer is not obvious; the xylem duct bundles are 5;
The central myeloid cell wall is slightly thicker and slightly lignified.
The parenchyma cells of this product contain inulin.
Powder: reddish brown.
① The surface type of hypodermal cells, the perivertical wall is curved in a fine wave, and the purple-red pigment cells are separated from the light yellow cells.
② Stone cells (rhizomes) are thin, round, square or round triangle, with a diameter of 45-15μm, a wall thickness of 6-25μm, and obvious striations and pores.
③ The thick-walled cells are oblong or oblong, with a diameter of 30-73 μm, a length of about 315 μm, a wall thickness of 2-10 μm, non-woody, and crevice-shaped transverse cracks.
④ Thin-walled cell-like attachments, with slightly thicker walls, mostly have obvious obliquely staggered network textures.
⑤ The inulin mass is round or fan-shaped, showing slightly radial texture.
In addition, there are wood fibers, ducts, polyamide layer cells, tubing fragments, and calcium oxalate clusters.
This product is thick and long, purple-red, and flexible.
[Chemical composition of traditional Chinese medicine]: The root contains shionone, quercetin, unrestricted alkyl, unrestricted hydroxyl and volatile oil, and saponin.
The reported saponin impurities have confirmed the structure of: asterosaponin A, B, C, D, E, F (saponin A, B, C, D, E, F), etc., and cyanogenin Ha, cyanogenin Hb,Tilia saponin Hc, Tilia saponin Hd and the like.
It also contains Aster compounds A and B (saponin A, B).
The growth product of Tilia saponin is hederagenin.
Aster essential oil contains lachnophyllol, lachnophyllol acetate, anisyl ether (fennel brain), hydrocarbons, molecular weight, aromatic acids, etc., and succinic acid is obtained.
[Chemical identification of traditional Chinese medicines]: Take 2g of this product, add 10ml of ether, reinsert, filter, filter on the filter paper, and observe under ultraviolet light (254nm), showing significant blue fluorescence.
Take 2g of this product, put it into a 50ml Erlenmeyer flask, add 15ml of the flask, soak for 1 hour, and filter.
Take 4 ml of toluene, evaporate the phenyl ether, the residue and 1 ml of vinegar acetate, and add 1 drop of concentrated sulfuric acid dropwise, which is markedly purple, and the upper layer of the solution is replaced with green (check for steroids).
(3) Take 4 ml of boron impregnation solution under (2), distill off the ether, and distill the residue into 1 ml of methanol, add 1 ml of 2,4-dinitrobenzene toluene test solution, and deposit a yellow precipitate after heating (check for shionone).